If you are fascinated by the culture of other countries, you might have heard of Burundi, which is a small country in the heart of Africa and has the most diverse and eclectic range of cuisine that you’ll ever find. You’d surely love to know what their exotic dishes are and how they are relished by the people over there. So, let’s take an exclusive tour across Burundi to explore its exotic food culture.
What is Gahunfanyi?
Gahunfanyi is a traditional Burundian dish that is amazing! It is made with cornmeal, beans, and vegetables, and is typically served for breakfast or as a snack. The dish is very filling and can be quite exotic for those who are not used to eating it. Desserts in Burundi are also quite unique, often consisting of fruits and nuts that are not commonly found in other parts of the world. Overall, the food culture in Burundi is one that is definitely worth exploring!
Gahunfanyi Traditionally, Gahunfanyi is served with bananas. You can also serve it with a spicy pepper sauce called Ingudshi. Both these ingredients can be found at most grocery stores in Burundi. In addition to being served for breakfast or as a snack, Gahunfanyi is also commonly eaten as an appetizer or as a side dish with other meals. It has many variations, but one thing that all versions have in common is that they are amazingly delicious! If you’re ever in Burundi, you must try some! If you like it, perhaps you can recreate it at home!
Ingudshi Ingudshi is a spiced sauce typically made with tomato paste, onions, garlic, green peppers, spices like salt, pepper and coriander. It is usually eaten as a side dish alongside barbecued meat or fish. Typically served on skewers with kebabs in restaurants in Burundi, it can also be served with other kinds of food too. While it is spicy hot by itself (as anything found in Africa tends to be!), you can find mild versions that have a much more sweet taste to them. You can find stores selling Ingudshi near most vegetable markets in Burundi or you could try making your own!
A popular Burundian dish, pili-pili sauce is made with a blend of chili peppers, tomatoes, onions, and garlic. This sauce is often served as a dipping sauce for various meats and vegetables. It can also be used as a condiment on sandwiches or as a marinade for chicken or fish. Pili-pili sauce is also a common ingredient in many Burundian desserts, such as cakes and pies.
It’s a popular sauce in other African countries as well, such as Rwanda, Uganda, and Tanzania. The peppers that make up pili-pili sauce are similar to habanero peppers. They are commonly available in most grocery stores today. Once you have your peppers, it’s easy to prepare homemade pili-pili sauce at home! Simply combine 1 cup roasted or fresh red chili peppers with 1/2 cup chopped tomato or canned tomato sauce, 1/4 cup onion finely chopped or grated, 2 minced garlic cloves and salt to taste. Allow mixture to sit for about half an hour before serving for best flavor.
It’s important to note that most pili-pili sauce recipes are meant to be spicy. The name comes from a Swahili word meaning spicy hot. If you don’t enjoy very spicy foods, it is best to prepare pili-pili sauce with milder peppers or decrease (or eliminate) allspice, ginger or paprika in your recipe.
While there are many different types of pili-pili sauces on the market today, they aren’t always an accurate representation of what authentic African pili-pili sauce tastes like. To get a true taste of Africa without leaving your kitchen, try preparing some yourself using authentic ingredients!
Ku miguwi gahunfanyi?
Burundian food is a reflection of the country’s rich culture and history. The cuisine is a blend of African, French, Arabic, and Indian influences. The country’s cuisine is also a reflection of its geography, with dishes made from locally grown fruits, vegetables, and grains.
Burundian food is not only delicious but also nutritious. The country’s staple foods are maize, rice, cassava, sweet potatoes, beans, plantains, and yams. These staples are usually cooked in stews or soups.
Fish is also a popular ingredient in Burundian cuisine. Fish dishes are usually made with tilapia or catfish. These fish are usually grilled or fried.
Another popular food in Burundian cuisine is pork. Many dishes in Burundian cuisine use pork meat such as grilled chops, stir-fried sausages, baked chicken wings, fried hams, and more. Some favorite non-pork dishes include fufu (made from mashed boiled cassava), mandazi (a spongy yeast bread), and sakamata (sweet potato pancakes).
Main staples in the everyday Burundian cuisine
The main staples in the everyday Burundian cuisine are corn, beans, sweet potatoes, plantains, rice, cassava, and yams. With these starchy vegetables as the main ingredients, there is a variety of dishes that can be made. For example, one popular dish is called fufu which is made by boiling and then pounding the starchy vegetables into a thick paste. This dish is then typically served with a soup or stew on top.
One thing that makes Burundian food unique is the use of fresh ingredients. Many of the vegetables used are grown locally and are picked just before they are used in cooking. This results in dishes that are full of flavor. There are also plenty of other dishes that could not be found anywhere else. For example, nekemtchya is a type of creamy sauce made from peanuts and spices that has been fermented for up to three months. Another popular dish is bobotie which is a South African dish influenced by Dutch settlers who came to this region during colonialism. The word bobotie comes from the Dutch word bobotjie, meaning little white spot. And lastly, omurice (pronounced oh-mee-ree-seh) is an omelette filled with ketchup fried rice and eaten like a sandwich.
Spices are not just for enhancing food taste but also for medicinal purposes
Turmeric is not only used as a spice in curries, but also has anti-inflammatory properties. It can be used to treat arthritis and indigestion. Cloves can be used to relieve toothaches and also act as an antiseptic. Similarly, cardamom is not only used to add flavor to food but also has medicinal benefits like treating respiratory problems, boosting metabolism and aiding digestion.
Additionally, they are often used as an alternative to sugar or salt. A good example is chai. Chai is a sweetened spiced tea that contains no milk but is rather served with milk or almond milk and sugar. Its most common flavor profile comprises of ginger, cardamom, cinnamon, cloves, pepper, black pepper powder along with either fennel seeds or nutmeg. It can be made from a mix of various other ingredients including poppy seeds (khus khus), mace (javitri), star anise (chakri phool), black peppercorns (kali mirch) etc. Other ingredients include coriander leaves (dhania), dry mint leaves(naudh phodi) etc.